A surface formed by parallel displacement of a curve in such a way that some point on it slides along another curve . If and are the position vectors of and , respectively, then the position vector of the translation surface is
where is the position vector of . The lines and form a transport net. Each ruled surface has transport nets (Reidemeister's theorem), while an enveloping translation surface can be only a cylinder or a plane. If a surface has two transport nets, then the non-singular points of the tangents of the lines in these nets lie on an algebraic curve of order four. An invariant feature of a translation surface is the existence of a conjugate Chebyshev net (a transport net). For example, an isotropic net on a minimal surface is a transport net, thus that surface is a translation surface. One may also characterize a translation surface by the fact that one of its curves (transport lines) passes into a line lying on the same surface as a result of the action of a one-parameter group of parallel displacements. Replacing this group by an arbitrary one-parameter group leads to generalized translation surfaces .
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Translation surface. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Translation_surface&oldid=13197