# Tangent formula

A formula establishing the dependence between the lengths of two sides of a plane triangle and the tangents of the halved sum and the halved difference of the opposite angles. The tangent formula has the form

$$\frac{a-b}{a+b}=\frac{\tan\frac 12(A-B)}{\tan\frac 12(A+B)}.$$

Sometimes the tangent formula is called the Regiomontanus formula, after the scholar who established this formula in the second half of the 15th century.