A sheaf of sets $\mathcal F$ on a topological space $X$ any section of which over some closed subset in $X$ can be extended to a section of $\mathcal F$ over all of $X$. Examples of soft sheaves are: the sheaf of germs of discontinuous sections of an arbitrary sheaf of sets on $X$; any flabby sheaf $\mathcal F$ on a paracompact space $X$; and any fine sheaf $\mathcal F$ of Abelian groups on a paracompact space $X$. The property of softness of a sheaf $\mathcal F$ on a paracompact space $X$ is local: A sheaf $\mathcal F$ is soft if and only if any $x\in X$ has an open neighbourhood $U$ such that $\mathcal F|_U$ is a soft sheaf on $U$. A soft sheaf on a paracompact space induces a soft sheaf on any closed (and, if $X$ is metrizable, any locally closed) subspace. A sheaf of modules over a soft sheaf of rings is a soft sheaf.
$$0\to\mathcal F^0\to\mathcal F^1\to\dots$$
is an exact sequence of soft sheaves of Abelian groups on a paracompact space $X$, then the corresponding sequence of groups of sections
$$0\to\mathcal F^0(X)\to\mathcal F^1(X)\to\dots$$
is also exact. The cohomology group $H^p(X,\mathcal F)$ of any soft sheaf $\mathcal F$ of Abelian groups on a paracompact space $X$ is trivial for $p>0$.
|||R. Godement, "Topologie algébrique et théorie des faisceaux" , Hermann (1958)|
|||R.O. Wells jr., "Differential analysis on complex manifolds" , Springer (1980)|
|[a1]||G.E. Bredon, "Sheaf theory" , McGraw-Hill (1967) pp. §9|
Soft sheaf. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Soft_sheaf&oldid=43509