# Pre-Hilbert space

A vector space over the field of complex or real numbers equipped with a scalar product , , satisfying the following conditions:

1) , , , , ();

2) for ;

3) if and only if .

On a pre-Hilbert space a norm is defined. The completion of with respect to this norm is a Hilbert space.

#### Comments

A function as above is also called an inner product. If it satisfies only 1) and 2) it is sometimes called a pre-inner product. Accordingly, pre-Hilbert spaces are sometimes called inner product spaces, while vector spaces with a pre-inner product are also called pre-inner product spaces.

If is a normed linear space, then it has an inner product generating the norm if (and only if) the norm satisfies the parallelogram law

For the characterizations of inner product spaces see [a1], Chapt. 4.

#### References

[a1] | V.I. Istrăţescu, "Inner product structures" , Reidel (1987) |

[a2] | W. Rudin, "Functional analysis" , McGraw-Hill (1979) |

[a3] | K. Yosida, "Functional analysis" , Springer (1980) pp. Chapt. 8, Sect. 4; 5 |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Pre-Hilbert space. V.I. Lomonosov (originator),

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Pre-Hilbert_space&oldid=15523