Namespaces
Variants
Actions

Hermitian operator

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics
Revision as of 19:03, 7 February 2011 by 127.0.0.1 (talk) (Importing text file)

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search

symmetric operator

A linear operator on a Hilbert space with a dense domain of definition and such that for any . This condition is equivalent to: 1) ; and 2) for all , where is the adjoint of , that is, to . A bounded Hermitian operator is either defined on the whole of or can be so extended by continuity, and then , that is, is a self-adjoint operator. An unbounded Hermitian operator may or may not have self-adjoint extensions. Sometimes any self-adjoint operator is called Hermitian, preserving the name symmetric for an operator that is Hermitian in the sense explained above. On a finite-dimensional space a Hermitian operator can be described by a Hermitian matrix.

References

[1] N.I. Akhiezer, I.M. Glazman, "Theory of linear operators in Hilbert space" , 1–2 , Pitman (1981) (Translated from Russian)
[2] F. Riesz, B. Szökefalvi-Nagy, "Functional analysis" , F. Ungar (1955) (Translated from French)
How to Cite This Entry:
Hermitian operator. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Hermitian_operator&oldid=13375
This article was adapted from an original article by V.I. Sobolev (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article