Transmission rate of a channel
An information-theoretic measure of the ability to transmit information over a communication channel. Let and be random variables connected in a communication channel . Then the transmission rate of this channel is defined by the equation
where is the amount of information (cf. Information, amount of) in relative to , and the supremum is taken over all pairs of random variables connected in the channel . In the case when the input and output signals and are random processes in continuous or discrete time, the transmission rate of the channel is usually understood to mean the mean transmission rate of the channel, taken in unit time or over one symbol of the transmitted signal, that is, by definition one sets
if the limit exists; here the supremum is taken over all possible pairs of random variables , connected in the corresponding segment of the given channel. The existence of the limit (2) has been proved for a wide class of channels, for example for a homogeneous channel with a finite memory and non-vanishing transition probabilities.
It is known that for a sufficiently wide class (for example, for the channels with finite memory mentioned above) the following holds:
where the supremum is taken over all pairs of stationarily-related random processes , , , such that for any the random variables and are connected in the corresponding segment of the channel under consideration. Thus, (3) shows that the transmission rate of the channel is the same as the maximum possible transmission rate of information (cf. Information, transmission rate of) along this channel.
An explicit calculation of transmission rates is therefore of considerable interest. For example, for a channel whose input and output signals take values in the Euclidean -dimensional space , with transition function defined by a density (with respect to the Lebesgue measure), , and with the constraint consisting of boundedness of the mean square power of the input signal, (where is the length of the vector in ), being a fixed constant, the following results are known (see ).
1) Let , that is, one considers a channel with additive noise such that the output signal is equal to the sum of the input signal and a noise independent of it, and let . Then as (under weak additional conditions) the following asymptotic formula holds:
where is the differential entropy of and as . This formula corresponds to the case of little noise.
2) Let be arbitrary but let . Then
See also , – cited under Communication channel.
|[1a]||V.V. Prelov, "The asymptotic channel capacity for a continuous channel with small additive noise" Problems Inform. Transmission , 5 : 2 (1969) pp. 23–27 Probl. Peredachi Inform. , 5 : 2 (1969) pp. 31–36|
|[1b]||V.V. Prelov, "Asymptotic behavior of the capacity of a continuous channel with large nonadditive noise" Problems Inform. Transmission , 8 : 4 (1972) pp. 285–289 Probl. Peredachi Inform. , 8 : 4 (1972) pp. 22–27|
|[a1]||P. Billingsley, "Ergodic theory and information" , Wiley (1965)|
|[a2]||R.B. Ash, "Information theory" , Interscience (1965)|
|[a3]||A.M. Yaglom, I.M. Yaglom, "Probabilité et information" , Dunod (1959) (Translated from Russian)|
Transmission rate of a channel. R.L. DobrushinV.V. Prelov (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Transmission_rate_of_a_channel&oldid=17437