# Totally-bounded space

A metric space $X$ that, for any $\epsilon>0$, can be represented as the union of a finite number of sets with diameters smaller than $\epsilon$. An equivalent condition is the following: For each $\epsilon>0$ there exists in $X$ a finite $\epsilon$-net, i.e. a finite set $A$ such that the distance of each point of $X$ from some point of $A$ is less than $\epsilon$. Totally-bounded spaces are those, and only those, metric spaces that can be represented as subspaces of compact metric spaces (cf. Compact space). The metric totally-bounded spaces, considered as topological spaces, exhaust all regular spaces (cf. Regular space) with a countable base. A subspace of a Euclidean space is totally bounded if and only if it is bounded. The converse is not true: An infinite space in which the distance between any two points is one, as well as a sphere and a ball of a Hilbert space, are bounded, but not totally bounded, metric spaces. The significance of the concept of a totally-bounded space may be illustrated by the following theorem: A metric space is a compactum if and only if it is totally bounded and complete. The metric completion of a metric totally-bounded space is compact. The image of a totally-bounded space under a uniformly continuous mapping is a totally-bounded space.

#### References

[1] | J.L. Kelley, "General topology" , Springer (1975) |

[2] | F. Hausdorff, "Grundzüge der Mengenlehre" , Leipzig (1914) (Reprinted (incomplete) English translation: Set theory, Chelsea (1978)) |

[3] | P.S. Aleksandrov, "Einführung in die Mengenlehre und die Theorie der reellen Funktionen" , Deutsch. Verlag Wissenschaft. (1956) (Translated from Russian) |

[4] | A.N. Kolmogorov, S.V. Fomin, "Elements of the theory of functions and functional analysis" , 1–2 , Graylock (1957–1961) (Translated from Russian) |

[a1] | R. Engelking, "General topology" , Heldermann (1989) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Totally-bounded space.

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Totally-bounded_space&oldid=31018