# Steiner point

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics

The centre of the mass, distributed over the surface of a convex body, with density equal to the Gaussian curvature. For a non-smooth body it is defined by mixed volumes (see Mixed-volume theory). The Steiner point is additive with respect to the addition of bodies. The centre of a mass, distributed over a contour of variable curvature in the plane, was first studied by J. Steiner in 1840.

#### References

[1] | B. Gruenbaum, "Measures of symmetry for convex sets" V.L. Klee (ed.) , Convexity , Proc. Symp. Pure Math. , 7 , Amer. Math. Soc. (1963) pp. 238–270 |

[2] | R. Schneider, "Krümmungsschwerpunkte konvexer Körper (I)" Abh. Math. Sem. Univ. Hamburg , 37 : 1–4 (1972) pp. 112–132 |

#### Comments

Axiomatic characterizations of the Steiner point are treated in [a1], [a2].

#### References

[a1] | R. Schneider, "On Steiner points of convex bodies" Israel J. Math. , 9 (1971) pp. 241–249 |

[a2] | E.D. Positsel'skii, "Characterization of Steiner points" Math. Notes , 14 (1973) pp. 698–700 Mat. Zametki , 14 (1973) pp. 243–247 |

[a3] | B. Grünbaum, "Convex polytopes" , Wiley (1967) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Steiner point. V.A. Zalgaller (originator),

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Steiner_point&oldid=11850

This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098