# Pythagorean numbers

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 11D09 [MSN][ZBL]

Pythagorean triple

Triplets of positive integers $x,y,z$ satisfying the Diophantine equation $x^2+y^2=z^2$. After removing a common factor, and possibly switching $x,y$, any solution $(x,y,z)$ to this equation, and consequently all Pythagorean numbers, can be obtained as $x=a^2-b^2$, $y=2ab$, $z=a^2+b^2$, where $a$ and $b$ are positive integers $(a>b)$. The Pythagorean numbers can be interpreted as the sides of a right-angled triangle (cf. Pythagoras theorem).