Persian curve

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics
Jump to: navigation, search

spiric curve

A plane algebraic curve of order four that is the line of intersection between the surface of a torus and a plane parallel to its axis (see Fig. a, Fig. b, Fig. c). The equation in rectangular coordinates is


where $r$ is the radius of the circle describing the torus, $d$ is the distance from the origin to its centre and $p$ is the distance from the axis of the torus to the plane. The following are Persian curves: the Booth lemniscate, the Cassini oval and the Bernoulli lemniscate.

Figure: p072400a


Figure: p072400b


Figure: p072400c


The name is after the Ancient Greek geometer Persei (2nd century B.C.), who examined it in relation to research on various ways of specifying curves.


[1] A.A. Savelov, "Planar curves" , Moscow (1960) (In Russian)



[a1] F. Gomez Teixeira, "Traité des courbes" , 1–3 , Chelsea, reprint (1971)
[a2] K. Fladt, "Analytische Geometrie spezieller ebener Kurven" , Akad. Verlagsgesell. (1962)
How to Cite This Entry:
Persian curve. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by D.D. Sokolov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article