Metric connection

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A linear connection in a vector bundle , equipped with a bilinear form in the fibres, for which parallel displacement along an arbitrary piecewise-smooth curve in preserves the form, that is, the scalar product of two vectors remains constant under parallel displacement. If the bilinear form is given by its components and the linear connection by a matrix -form , then this connection is metric if

In the case of a non-degenerate symmetric bilinear form, i.e. and , the metric connection is called a Euclidean connection. In the case of a non-degenerate skew-symmetric bilinear form, the metric connection is called a symplectic connection in the vector bundle.

Under projectivization of a vector bundle, when the symmetric bilinear form generates some projective metric in each fibre (as in a projective space), the role of the metric connection is played by the projective-metric connection.


In the case of a positive-definite bilinear form, the metric connection is also called a Riemannian connection.


[a1] W. Klingenberg, "Riemannian geometry" , de Gruyter (1982) (Translated from German)
[a2] S. Kobayashi, K. Nomizu, "Foundations of differential geometry" , 1–2 , Interscience (1969)
How to Cite This Entry:
Metric connection. Ü. Lumiste (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098