Markov moment
Markov time; stopping time
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 60G40 [MSN][ZBL]
A notion used in probability theory for random variables having the property of independence of the "future" . More precisely, let be a measurable space with a non-decreasing family , , of -algebras of ( in the case of continuous time and in the case of discrete time). A random variable with values in is called a Markov moment or Markov time (relative to the family , ) if for each the event belongs to . In the case of discrete time this is equivalent to saying that for any the event belongs to .
Examples.
1) Let , , be a real-valued right-continuous random process given on , and let . Then the random variables
and
that is, the (first and first after ) times of hitting the (Borel) set , form Markov moments (in the case it is assumed that ).
2) If , , is a standard Wiener process, then the Markov moment
has probability density
Here , but .
3) The random variable
being the first time after which remains in , is an example of a non-Markov moment (a random variable depending on the "future" ).
Using the idea of a Markov moment one can formulate the strong Markov property of Markov processes (cf. Markov process). Markov moments and stopping times (that is, finite Markov moments) play a major role in the general theory of random processes and statistical sequential analysis.
References
[GS] | I.I. Gihman, A.V. Skorohod, "The theory of stochastic processes" , 2 , Springer (1975) (Translated from Russian) MR0375463 Zbl 0305.60027 |
Comments
References
[BG] | R.M. Blumenthal, R.K. Getoor, "Markov processes and potential theory" , Acad. Press (1968) MR0264757 Zbl 0169.49204 |
[Do] | J.L. Doob, "Classical potential theory and its probabilistic counterpart" , Springer (1984) pp. 390 MR0731258 Zbl 0549.31001 |
[Dy] | E.B. Dynkin, "Markov processes" , 1 , Springer (1965) (Translated from Russian) MR0193671 Zbl 0132.37901 |
[W] | A.D. Wentzell, "A course in the theory of stochastic processes" , McGraw-Hill (1981) (Translated from Russian) MR0781738 MR0614594 Zbl 0502.60001 |
[B] | L.P. Breiman, "Probability" , Addison-Wesley (1968) MR0229267 Zbl 0174.48801 |
Markov moment. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Markov_moment&oldid=26569