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Lamé constants

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Quantities that connect the components of an elastic stress at some point of a linearly-elastic (or solid deformable) isotropic body with the components of the deformation at this point: $$ \sigma_x = 2 \mu \epsilon_{xx} + \lambda(\epsilon_{xx} + \epsilon_{yy} + \epsilon_{zz}) \ , $$ $$ \tau_{xy} = \mu \epsilon_{xy} \ , $$ where $\sigma$ and $\tau$ are the normal and tangential constituents of the stress, $\epsilon$ are the components of the deformation and the coefficients $\lambda$ and $\mu$ are the Lamé constants. The Lamé constants depend on the material and its temperature. The Lamé constants are connected with the elasticity modulus $E$ and the Poisson ratio $\nu$ by $$ \mu = G = \frac{E}{2(1+\nu)} \ , $$ $$ \lambda = \frac{E\nu}{(1+\nu)(1-2\nu)} \ ; $$ $E$ is also called Young's modulus and $G$ is the modulus of shear.

The Lamé constants are named after G. Lamé.


Comments

References

[a1] E.M. Lifshitz, "Theory of elasticity" , Pergamon (1959) (Translated from Russian)
[a2] I.S. [I.S. Sokolnikov] Sokolnikoff, "Mathematical theory of elasticity" , McGraw-Hill (1956) (Translated from Russian)
[a3] S.C. Hunter, "Mechanics of continuous media" , Wiley (1976)
How to Cite This Entry:
Lamé constants. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Lam%C3%A9_constants&oldid=42630
This article was adapted from an original article by BSE-3 (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article