A special case of a projective resolution. Every module $M$ over an associative ring $R$ is the quotient module $F_0/N_0$ of a free $R$-module $F_0$ by a submodule $N_0$. The submodule $N_0$ has a similar representation $F_1/N_1$, etc. As a result one obtains an exact sequence of free modules
$$F_0\leftarrow F_1\leftarrow\ldots\leftarrow F_n\leftarrow\ldots,$$
called the free resolution of $M$. The canonical homomorphism $F_0\to M$ is called a supplementing homomorphism (or augmentation).
See also Free module.
Free resolution. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Free_resolution&oldid=32280