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Fractional-linear function

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics
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A function of the type

where are complex or real variables, , , , are complex or real coefficients, and . If , the fractional-linear function is an integral-linear function; if the rank of the matrix

is equal to one, is a constant. A proper fractional-linear function is obtained if and if the rank of is two; it assumed in what follows that these conditions have been met.

If and , , are real, the graph of the fractional-linear function is an equilateral hyperbola with the asymptotes and . If and , , , , , , , are real, the graph of the fractional-linear function is hyperbolic paraboloid.

If , the fractional-linear function is an analytic function of the complex variable everywhere in the extended complex plane , except at the point at which has a simple pole. If , the fractional-linear function is a meromorphic function in the space of the complex variable , with the set

as its polar set.

See also Fractional-linear mapping.

How to Cite This Entry:
Fractional-linear function. E.P. DolzhenkoE.D. Solomentsev (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Fractional-linear_function&oldid=13780
This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098