Fréchet derivative

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strong derivative

The most widespread (together with the Gâteaux derivative, which is sometimes called the weak derivative) derivative of a functional or a mapping. The Fréchet derivative of a mapping of a normed space into a normed space at a point is the linear continuous operator satisfying the condition


The operator satisfying these conditions is unique (if it exists) and is denoted by ; the linear mapping is called the Fréchet differential. If has a Fréchet derivative at , it is said to be Fréchet differentiable. The most important theorems of differential calculus hold for Fréchet derivatives — the theorem on the differentiation of a composite function and the mean value theorem. If is continuously Fréchet differentiable in a neighbourhood of a point and if the Fréchet derivative at is a homeomorphism of the Banach spaces and , then the inverse mapping theorem holds. See also Differentiation of a mapping.



[a1] M.S. Berger, "Nonlinearity and functional analysis" , Acad. Press (1977)
How to Cite This Entry:
Fréchet derivative. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by V.M. Tikhomirov (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article