Fatou theorem (on Lebesgue integrals)

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A theorem on passing to the limit under a Lebesgue integral: If a sequence of measurable (real-valued) non-negative functions converges almost-everywhere on a set to a function , then

It was first proved by P. Fatou [1]. In the statement of it is often replaced by .


[1] P. Fatou, "Séries trigonométriques et séries de Taylor" Acta Math. , 30 (1906) pp. 335–400 MR1555035 Zbl 37.0283.01
[2] S. Saks, "Theory of the integral" , Hafner (1952) (Translated from French) MR0167578 Zbl 1196.28001 Zbl 0017.30004 Zbl 63.0183.05
[3] I.P. Natanson, "Theorie der Funktionen einer reellen Veränderlichen" , H. Deutsch , Frankfurt a.M. (1961) (Translated from Russian) MR0640867 MR0409747 MR0259033 MR0063424 Zbl 0097.26601


This result is usually called Fatou's lemma. It holds in a more general form: If is a measure space, is -measurable for and for , then

It is not necessary that the sequence converges.


[a1] E. Hewitt, K.R. Stromberg, "Real and abstract analysis" , Springer (1965) MR0188387 Zbl 0137.03202
[a2] P.R. Halmos, "Measure theory" , v. Nostrand (1950) MR0033869 Zbl 0040.16802
How to Cite This Entry:
Fatou theorem (on Lebesgue integrals). Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by T.P. Lukashenko (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article