of objects of an Abelian category and of morphisms such that
An exact sequence is called short, and consists of an object , a subobject of it and the corresponding quotient object .
Exact sequences often occur and are often used in (co)homological considerations. There are, e.g., the long homology exact sequence
of a pair , a subspace of , and the long cohomology exact sequence
Analogous long exact sequences occur in a variety of other homology and cohomology theories. Cf. Homology theory; Cohomology; Cohomology sequence; Homology sequence, and various articles on the (co)homology of various kinds of objects, such as Cohomology of algebras; Cohomology of groups; Cohomology of Lie algebras.
An exact sequence of the form is sometimes called a left short exact sequence and one of the form a right short exact sequence. The exact sequence of a morphism in an Abelian category is the exact sequence
Exact sequence. V.E. Govorov (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Exact_sequence&oldid=17886