Conway skein triple

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Three oriented link diagrams, or tangle diagrams, $L_+$, $L_-$, $L_0$ in $\mathbf R^3$, or more generally, in any three-dimensional manifold, that are the same outside a small ball and in the ball look like

Figure: c130240a

Similarly one can define the Kauffman bracket skein triple of non-oriented diagrams $L_+$, $L_0$ and $L_\infty$, and the Kauffman skein quadruple, $L_+$, $L_-$, $L_0$ and $L_\infty$, used to define the Brandt–Lickorish–Millett–Ho polynomial and the Kauffman polynomial:

Figure: c130240b

Generally, a skein set is composed of a finite number of $k$-tangles and can be used to build link invariants and skein modules (cf. also Skein module).


[a1] J.H. Conway, "An enumeration of knots and links" J. Leech (ed.) , Computational Problems in Abstract Algebra , Pergamon (1969) pp. 329–358
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Conway skein triple. Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL:
This article was adapted from an original article by Jozef Przytycki (originator), which appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098. See original article