# Closed set

A set containing all its limit points (cf. Limit point of a set). Thus, all points of the complement to a closed set are interior points, and so a closed set can be defined as the complement to an open set. The concept of a closed set is basic to the definition of a topological space as a non-empty set $X$ with a distinguished system of sets (called closed sets) satisfying the following axioms: $X$ itself and the empty set $\emptyset$ are closed; the intersection of any number of closed sets is closed; the union of finitely many closed sets is closed.