# Asymptotic formula

A formula containing the symbols $o$, $O$ or the equivalence sign $\sim$ (asymptotic equality of functions).

Examples of asymptotic formulas:

$$\sin x=x+o(x^2),\quad x\to0;$$

$$\cos x=1+O(x^2),\quad x\to0;$$

$$x^3+x+1\sim x^3,\quad x\to\infty;$$

$$\pi(x)\sim\frac{x}{\ln x},\quad x\to\infty$$

($\pi(x)$ is the amount of prime numbers not exceeding $x$).

On the meaning of the symbols $o, O$ and $\sim$, see e.g. [a1] or [a2].