# Weber equation

A second-order ordinary linear differential equation:

(*) |

in which the point is strongly singular (cf. Singular point). An equation of this type was first studied by H. Weber in potential theory in connection with the parabolic cylinder [1]; it is the result of separation of variables for the Laplace equation in parabolic coordinates. The substitution , converts the Weber equation to the Whittaker equation. It is a special case of a confluent hypergeometric equation. The substitution converts Weber's equation into

Solutions of equation (*) are known as parabolic cylinder functions or as Weber–Hermite functions. In particular, if is a non-negative integer, equation (*) is satisfied by the function

where is the Hermite polynomial (cf. Hermite polynomials) [2], [3], [4].

#### References

[1] | H.F. Weber, "Ueber die Integration der partiellen Differentialgleichung " Math. Ann. , 1 (1869) pp. 1–36 |

[2] | E.T. Whittaker, G.N. Watson, "A course of modern analysis" , Cambridge Univ. Press (1952) pp. Chapt. 2 |

[3] | H. Bateman (ed.) A. Erdélyi (ed.) et al. (ed.) , Higher transcendental functions , 2. Bessel functions, parabolic cylinder functions, orthogonal polynomials , McGraw-Hill (1953) |

[4] | E. Jahnke, F. Emde, "Tables of functions with formulae and curves" , Dover, reprint (1945) (Translated from German) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Weber equation. N.Kh. Rozov (originator),

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Weber_equation&oldid=13645