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Vlasov kinetic equation

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A kinetic equation for electrically-charged particles in which the interaction between the particles is described through a self-consistent electro-magnetic field. The equation has the form [1], [2]

(1)

where is the particle distribution function, while the index is indicative for the kind of particle. The self-consistent electro-magnetic field follows from the Maxwell equations

(2)

in which the volume density of electric charge and the volume density of electric current are related to the particle distribution function via

(3)

Vlasov's kinetic equation may be obtained from the Liouville equation for a distribution function of all particles of a given kind if either the particle interactions are neglected or it is assumed that the multi-particle distribution function is the product of single-particle distribution functions [3], [4].

The system of equations (1), (2), (3), proposed by A.A. Vlasov, is extensively employed in plasma physics. The linear theory, based on linearization of equations (1), (2), (3), is the most fully developed. It is used in the study of small oscillations and the stability of a plasma [5]. The quasi-linear theory, which makes it possible to study non-linear effects, is in full development.

References

[1] A.A. Vlasov, "On oscillation properties of ionized gases" Zh. Eksper. Teoret. Fiz. , 8 : 3 (1938) pp. 291–318 (In Russian)
[2] A.A. Vlasov, "Many-particle theory and its applocation to plasmas" , Gordon & Breach (1961) (Translated from Russian)
[3] N.N. Bogolyubov, "Problems of a dynamic theory in statistical physics" , North-Holland (1962) (Translated from Russian)
[4] V.P. Silin, "Introduction to the kinetic theory of gases" , Moscow (1971) (In Russian)
[5] V.P. Silin, A.A. Rukhadze, "Electromagnetic properies of plasma and plasma-like media" , Moscow (1961) (In Russian)


Comments

References

[a1] G. Ecker, "Theory of fully ionized plasmas" , Acad. Press (1972)
How to Cite This Entry:
Vlasov kinetic equation. D.P. Kostomarov (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Vlasov_kinetic_equation&oldid=18325
This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098