# Strophoid

From Encyclopedia of Mathematics

A third-order plane algebraic curve whose equation takes the form

in Cartesian coordinates, and

in polar coordinates. The coordinate origin is a node with tangents (see Fig.). The asymptote is . The area of the loop is

The area between the curve and the asymptote is

A strophoid is related to the so-called cusps (cf. Cusp).

Figure: s090630a

#### References

[1] | A.A. Savelov, "Planar curves" , Moscow (1960) (In Russian) |

[2] | A.S. Smogorzhevskii, E.S. Stolova, "Handbook of the theory of planar curves of the third order" , Moscow (1961) (In Russian) |

#### Comments

#### References

[a1] | F. Gomes Teixeira, "Traité des courbes" , 1–3 , Chelsea, reprint (1971) |

[a2] | J.D. Lawrence, "A catalog of special planar curves" , Dover, reprint (1972) |

**How to Cite This Entry:**

Strophoid. D.D. Sokolov (originator),

*Encyclopedia of Mathematics.*URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Strophoid&oldid=15202

This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098