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Sequent (in logic)

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An expression of the form

where are formulas. It is read as follows. Under the assumptions , at least one of holds. The part of the sequent on the left of the arrow is called the antecedent, and the part on the right the succedent (consequent). The formula (note that an empty conjunction denotes truth, and an empty disjunction denotes falsity) is called the formula image of the sequent.


Comments

Some authors (particularly those working in the context of constructive logic) restrict the term "sequent" to mean an expression of the form

i.e. the particular case of the above definition.

For a discussion of Gentzen's sequent calculi cf. Gentzen formal system; Sequent calculus and, e.g., [a2].

References

[a1] W. Hodges, "Elementary predicate logic" D. Gabbay (ed.) F. Guenther (ed.) , Handbook of philosophical logic , I , Reidel (1983) pp. 1–131
[a2] G. Sundholm, "Systems of deduction" D. Gabbay (ed.) F. Guenther (ed.) , Handbook of philosophical logic , I , Reidel (1983) pp. 133–188, §3
How to Cite This Entry:
Sequent (in logic). G.E. Mints (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Sequent_(in_logic)&oldid=17638
This text originally appeared in Encyclopedia of Mathematics - ISBN 1402006098