Regular boundary point
A point on the boundary of a domain in a Euclidean space , , at which, for any continuous function on , the generalized solution of the Dirichlet problem in the sense of Wiener–Perron (see Perron method) takes the boundary value , that is,
The regular boundary points of form a set , at the points of which the complement is not a thin set; the set of irregular boundary points (cf. Irregular boundary point) is a polar set of type . If all points of are regular boundary points, then the domain is called regular with respect to the Dirichlet problem.
For to be a regular boundary point it is necessary and sufficient that in the intersection of with any neighbourhood of there is a superharmonic barrier (a function in such that , Lebesgue's criterion for a barrier). It was first shown by H. Lebesgue in 1912 that for the vertex of a sufficiently acute angle lying in need not be a regular boundary point.
and let be the capacity of the set . For to be a regular boundary point it is necessary and sufficient that the series
diverges, or for , that the series
For , a point is a regular boundary point if there is a continuous path , , such that , and for . When , a point is a regular boundary point if it can be reached by the vertex of a right circular cone belonging to in a sufficiently small neighbourhood of . In the case of a domain in the compactified space , , the point at infinity is always a regular boundary point; when , the point at infinity is a regular boundary point if there is a continuous path , , such that for , and .
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Regular boundary point. E.D. Solomentsev (originator), Encyclopedia of Mathematics. URL: http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php?title=Regular_boundary_point&oldid=15319